Legal

How A Bill Becomes A Law? Step By Step Explanation

The legal process in the United States is a very complicated system that attempts to ensure that all people are represented fairly in the eyes of the law. While people can hire a lawyer from Futerman Partners to receive the representation that they deserve, the legal process actually starts much earlier with the formation of a bill that will eventually become law in the country. The process of a bill turning into a law in the country is very interesting and has a variety of different steps that need to be passed.

1. Bill Idea is Formed

The first step in a bill becoming a law is the idea of a bill is formed. A bill idea can come from anywhere, including politicians or private citizens. It will then have to be sponsored by a member of the House of Representatives. If the House member likes the bill, the member will work with other members of the house to get a sense of overall approval and start the process of putting the formal bill together.

2. Bill is Reported and Debated

house of representatives
Credits: (U.S. Air Force photo by Wayne Clark)

Once there are enough members of the House of Representatives to support a bill, it sill typically be reported and debated by the rest of the House of Representatives. This part of the process will include discussing the overall concept of the bill and then finding ways to modify it in order for it to pass ultimate approval.

3. Voted on by House

Once the bill has been presented and debated by the House of Representatives, it will need to be voted on by the entire House of Representatives. This part of the legal process will give all members of the House time to review the final version of the bill. If the appropriate number of members of the House ends up approving the bill, it can be moved on to the next phase of the bill approval process. The House can also deny the bill entirely or even have it sent back to the proposers of the bill to have it modified.

4. Sent to Senate

After the House of Representatives have approved the bill, it will be sent on to the Senate. At this point, the Senate will have some time to review and discuss the bill. It will then go for a formal vote as to whether approve the bill, deny it, or have it sent back to the House for some form of an amendment.

5. Sent to President

After the Senate has approved the bill, it will be sent on to the President. The President will then have the option to approve the bill, veto the bill, or have it sent back to the Senate for modification. If the President approves the bill, he will be able to sign the bill and it will become law as of the effective date. The President can also choose to do nothing, which is called a pocket veto. If this occurs, the bill will become law after 10 days as long as Congress is in session.

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